Meteorologic conditions in India
Climate of India
The primary part of the territory of India ( *Click here) is in the sub equatorial region. The main characteristic of this location is tropical monsoons. Summer monsoon from the Indian Ocean brings down pours to India. They heighten at the begining of June on the western coast and in mid-June on the east coast. If moving over the Arabian Sea and also the Bay of Bengal, the monsoons are saturating with moisture and move around in a northwest direction.
Rising over a Western Ghats and Assam Mountains, monsoons go at a pace of 5-7 m/s, leading to heavy rain. Thunder or wind storms fall on the slopes of the hills in June. However later they calm down, and through the time from late September to mid-October rain falls normally, stop. From November to March, the dry northeastern monsoon blows through the land side. It makes the weather chilly and sun-drenched.
Based upon data on thermal conditions, precipitation, and also winds, we can divide the calendar year in three major weather seasons.
In November – February, when the northeastern monsoon dominates, it is cold and sunshiny. In March, the temperature little by little rises.The dry season can last from the end of March to June. At the end of June, the humidity rises. And also the climate of Indian plains will become rainy.The time from July to mid-September is the summer monsoon time. It is a moment of wet tropical weather. The south-westerly winds combine with high temperatures.October is a transitional time. The air humidity is high due to evaporation from the surface of the fields. Nevertheless the rains stop.
There are actually differences in temperature and weather in several parts of India. The country covers a huge region, and every location has another terrain. Therefore, in the Thardesert, the annual precipitation does not exceed 100 mm. At Cherapun jistation in the Khashi Mountains, it is around 10 770 mm of rainfall a year. It is among the wettest areas on Earth.
The monsoon climate is attribute of the shoreline of the Arabian Sea. The very coldest time is from December to February. Simultaneously, there is fewer rain. The hottest time is from May to June. Yet even high temperatures are tolerated quite easily since the air is dried, relative humidity, in the morning, does not exceed 60%. Winds raise clouds of dust and turn the horizon a dirty yellow.
The onset of the monsoon in June commences with the greater wind and cloud cover. The time can last until September. During most times of the month, it rains often and lightly. The month to month rainfall in the wettest month – July is much greater than 600 mm. Cloudy weather decreases the temperature by 3-5 degrees.
In the mountain tops of the Himalayas, the climate will depend on the height above sea level. Soat altitudes from 1500 to 2300 meters, from December to February, the average minimal temperature is from 0 to -3C (25 to 32F), and also the average maximum heat is +4 to +8C (40 to 45F).
The hottest period of the year continues from June to August: the average minimum temperatureis +14 to +18C (55 to 65F), the average maximum temperatureis +29 to +30C (84 to 86F). Summer time monsoon doesn’t appear here. The smallest amount of rainfall is from September to November (25-35 mm per month), the highest in March (about 100 mm). As you can see, the climate of India varies depending on the region, its distance from the Ocean, and its altitude. We could not compare Himalayan weather to other areas of India. These mountain tops are incredibly high and also have a unique weather.
More on: Click here